WCM 15387                                                                           1344-1345

Stubbington  Account there 1344 year beginning at the Gule of August

 

Arrears  Hugh Beneyt serjeant there answers for 13s.2d. from arrears of the last account.

                                                Total 13s. 2d.

Rents of assize And for 31s.23/4d. received from all rent of assize of Kingston for Michaelmas term.  And for 4s.5½d. from rent of Thomas Hugheson for Michaelmas term at Portsmouth.  And for 2s.4d. from rent of Robert le Goldsmyth’s Widow[1] per annum there.  And for 7d. from rent of Ralph Wymond there per annum.  And not more from residue of rent there that is 105s.113/4d. because the tenements from which the said rent comes lately burnt down and not yet rebuilt and it is not yet possible to repair anything in the places for distraining.  And for 7d. from rent of Thomas Bataill’ for Easter term.

                                                Total 39s. 2¼d.

Issues of the manor  From pasture in Hull nothing because Fallow this year.  From pasture in Margeriscroft and Hames nothing because they are sown with peas and vetches this year.  From pasture in Jurdaneslond’ nothing because with wheat.  From pasture in Bradecroft nothing because it is sown with wheat this year.  From ..... field nothing because it is grazed by the lord’s beasts.  And for 6d. from tithe of linen of Eastney this year ....  sold [from] tithes there this year.  And for 2d. from tithe of stockfeed of Willesman this year ... from tithe cheeses from Eastney sold.  From tithe of Eastney mill nothing this year éThus Stephen de Harnham tenant of the same mill is summoned for arrears of two yearsù[2]   éFrom tithe of the mill of Hokkeshor’ nothing because it is not yet paid.  Thus Richard Abraham and Joan who was the wife of Richard Abraham and two sons of the same Joan summoned for the arrears of two years being behindù[3]  From tithe of the mill of Stephen ate Hulle nothing because it is not yet repaired.

                                                            Total 2s. 2d.

Sale of stock  And for 2s. from the hide sold of 1 ox which died.  And for 18d. from the hide sold of cow which died.  And for 2d. from a hide sold of 1 calf which died.  And for 8s.3d. from 5½ claves of tithe wool sold at 18d. per clave.  And for 5s.10d. from 5 claves of wool sold at 14d. per clave.  And for 6d. from milk sold in winter.  And ... from 10 claves of harvest cheeses and 2 wey 4 claves of summer cheeses sold at 10s. a wey.  And for 2s. from  fells sold of 8 wethers which died before shearing.  And for 2s.6d. from fells sold of 11 ewes 4 hoggs which died before shearing.  And for 13d. from fells sold of 13 lambs which died before shearing.  And for ½d. from the fell sold of 1 ewe which died after shearing.

                                                Total 48s. 10½d.

Sale of grain  And for 15s.6d. received from 3 qtrs 7 bs. of curall sold at 4s. per qtr.  And for 25s. from 5 qtrs of rye sold at 5s. per qtr.  And for £4 10s. from 30 qtrs of barley sold at 3s. per qtr.   And for ... of barley sold at 3s4d. per qtr.  And for 47s.1½d. from 11 qtrs 6 bs. 1 peck of barley sold at 4s. per qtr.  And for 18s. received from 6 qtrs of beans sold at 3s. per qtr.  And for 26s.4¼d. from 7 qtrs 7 bs. 1 peck of beans sold at 3s.4d. per qtr.  And for 40s. from 10 qtrs of beans sold at 4s. per qtr.  And for 42s.8d. from 16 qtrs of peas sold at 2s.8d. per qtr.  And for 57s.1d. from 17 qtrs  1 bs. of peas sold at 3s.4d. per qtr.  And for 23s.4d. from 10 qtrs of vetches sold at 2s.4d. per qtr.  And for 53s.4d. from 20 qtrs of vetches sold at 2s.8d. per qtr.  And for 32s.5½d. from 10 qtrs 7 bs. of vetches sold at 3s. per qtr.

                                                Total £28 10s. 10¼d.

                        Total of all receipt with arrears £33 14s. 3d.

Payment of rent  Of which in rent paid to the Court of Portsea for the land of Broukhurst for Michaelmas term 5s.  And to the lord King for several tenements within the liberty of Portsmouth for the said term 36s.2¼d.  In 3 lbs of pepper bought and paid to the lord King 3s.   In 4 lbs of wax bought for the rector of the church of Farlington 2s.

                                                Total 46s. 2¼d.

m.2

Cost of ploughs  In iron and steel bought for ironwork of 3 ploughs per annum 3s.6d.  In the smith’s wage for repairing the same 2s.9d.  In 2 pair of wheels bought for ploughs 8d.  In 2 iron plates bought 10d.  In the carpenter’s wage for 1 week making several plough parts 12d.  In shoeing 3 horses and 5 affers per annum by contract 2s.

                                                Total 22s. 9d.

Cost of carts  In 1 pair of bridles bought for carts 3s.  In 1 new binding bought for the same 12s.  In large nails for binding all carts together with the smith’s wage 18d.  In 24 clouts bought for carts 2s.6d.  In 6 collars bought 2s.  In 5 pair of traces bought 20d.  In 1 rope bought for carts 11d.  In axles bought 6d.  And greasing carts 3d.

                                                Total 24s. 4d.

Purchase of grain  In 2 qtrs of wheat bought coming from Newlands 13s.4d.

                                                Total 13s. 4d.

Cost of the fold and dairy In 3 bs. of salt bought for the dairy 9d.  In cloth bought for cheeses and milk 4d.  In earthen pots and jug bought for the dairy 3d.  In washing and shearing ewes 10d.  In 12 hurdles bought for the fold 18d.  In 2 ...[4] bought for treating ewes 8d.  In 3 gallons of ointment bought for the same18d. 

                                                Total 5s. 10d.

Necessities In 5 bs. of salt bought for broth for the famuli per annum 15d.  In the wage of 1 roofer of éstoneù[5] with his help for 12 days  roofing the tithe grange and kitchen 3s.6d. 3½d. per day.  In 100 laths bought for the said grange é3½d.ù[6]In 500 lathnails 3½d.  In sterilising 30 piglets 10d.  In pasture bought for oxen and two-year olds  6s.8d.  In pasture bought for 69 lambs 5s.9d.  In roofing and repairing stonework[7] in the chancel of [the church of ] Portsmouth 2s.1d.  In lead for piping in the kitchen 8d.

                                                Total 21s. 4d.

Weeding Mowing  In weeding of grain this year 5s.  In mowing of the meadow of Hullemed 22d.  In mowing ad Thascham the meadow of Puricroft 18d.

                                                Total 8s. 4d.

Threshing  In threshing ad Thascham 162 qtrs 2 bs. of wheat 15½ qtrs of curall and 5 qtrs of rye 38s.03/4d. 2½d. for a qtr.  In threshing ad Thascham 200 qtrs of barley 47 qtrs of dredge 30s.10½d. 1½d. for a qtr.  In threshing ad Thascham 47 qtrs of oats 2s.11¼d. 3/4d. for a qtr.  In threshing ad Thascham 28 qtrs of beans 45 qtrs of peas and 52 qtrs of vetches 20s.10d. 2d. for a qtr.

                                                Total £4 12s. 8½d.

Reap[ing]  In reaping and binding ad Thascham 47a. of wheat 28a. of barley 6½a. of dredge 9a. of oats 4a. of beans 12a. of peas 15a. of vetches 66s. and thus is the reaping of each acre 6½d. and 11¼d. more overall.

                                                Total 66s.

Harvest cost  In expenses of the said serjeant Thomas le Grangier 1 cook and baker 1 Reapreeve 7 mounted foremen 4 stackers 5 carters of the house 4 hired carters 1 carter from Newlands for 1 week 20 foot workers 1 groom of the mounted foremen and other visits for 4 weeks as in meat fish and herring 28s.  And they have from stock 4½ qtrs of wheat 4 qtrs of barley 8 qtrs of malt é1 dole of ciderù[8] 3 pig carcasses 2 geese 30 claves of cheese 5 claves of butter 20 doves.  In 9 lbs of candles bought 18d.  In dishes and plates bought 3d.  In relish for 3 ploughmen 3 ploughdrivers for 8 weeks in harvest 6s. to each 1½d. per week.  And for 1 shepherd 1 swineherd 1 dairy assistant 1 cowherd for the same 2s.8d. to each 1d. per week.  In 12 ropes bought for foot workers 6d.  In courtesy given to the men of the parish 17s.  In 7 pair of gloves bought for 7 mounted foremen 14d.  In shoeing of their horses 2s.4d.

                                                Total 59s. 5d.

Harvest Wages  In wages of 7 mounted foremen 35s. to each 5s.  And of 1 cook 1 Hayward and 1 Reapreeve 7s.6d. to each 2s.6d.  And of 4 stackers 12s. to each 3s.  And of 20 foot workers 1 groom of the mounted foremen 35s. to each 20d.  In 4 hired carters 32s. to each 8s.  In carters hired at times 2s.

                                                Total £6 3s. 6d.

m.3

Wages of the famuli In the wage of 1 carter per annum 5s.6d.  Of 2 ploughmen 1 Driver of the horse plough for the same [time] 15s.9d.  And of 2 Ploughdrivers for the same [time] 9s.  And of 1 shepherd 1 swineherd 1 cowherd 1 dairy assistant for the same [time] 14s. to each 3s.6d.  And of 1 Granger per annum 2s.

                                                Total 46s. 3d.

Serjeant’s expenses  In expenses of the said serjeant and Thomas the Granger and other visits from the feast of the Decollation of St John the Baptist up to the feast of St James for 47 weeks 41s.1½d. 10½d. per week

                                                Total 41s. 1½d.

Foreign expense  In the clerk’s wage 3s.  In parchment 2d.

                                                Total 3s. 2d.

                                    Total of all expenses and liveries £28 14s. 3¼d.

                                    And the serjeant owes the lord £4 19s. 113/4d.

            And the manor is this year worth £72 8s.  Thus less for failure

            of grain this year.

m.1d                            Stubbington    Issue of the Grange in the 17th year

Wheat Hugh Beneyt serjeant Answers for 1 qtr of wheat of remainder.  And for 2 qtrs of wheat received … threshed by measure by 1 tally against Thomas le Grangier  And for 61 qtrs of wheat received from the demesne grange threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the same Thomas.  And for 1 qtr 7 bs. 3 peck from increase.  And for 101 qtrs 2 bs. of wheat received from issue of the tithe grange threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the said Thomas.  And for 1 qtr 1 bs. 1 peck from increase.  And for 2 qtrs of wheat from Newlands by purchase.

                                                Total 172 qtrs 3 bs.

Of which in sowing on 51a. in Bradcroft Jordaneslond Estfeld and Solercroft 18 qtrs 6 bs. that is 3 bs. per acre    In the sower’s agreement 1 bs.  In bread baked for harvest expenses that is from the Gule of August up to the feast of the Decollation of St John the Baptist for 4 weeks for expenses of the serjeant Thomas le Grangier 1 Hayward 1 cook and baker 1 Reapreeve 7 mounted foremen 4 stackers 5 carters of the house 4 hired carters and 1 carter from Newlands for 1 week  20 foot workers and the groom of the mounted foremen 4½ qtrs.  In bread baked for expenses of the said serjeant and granger from the feast of St John up to the feast of St James for 47 weeks 5 qtrs 7 bs. taking 1 bs. per week.  Delivered to the house to J. stake cellarer 142 qtrs by 1 tally.  In first-grade malt malted 1 qtr 1 bs.

                                                Total as above.   And equal.

Curall And for 8 qtrs 2 bs. of curall received from issue of the demesne grange threshed by 1 tally against the said Thomas.  And for 2 bs.  from increase.  And for 7 qtrs 2 bs. of curall received from issue of the tithe grange threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the same Thomas.  And for 1 bs. 3 peck from increase.

                                                Total 15 qtrs 7 bs. 3 peck.

Of which delivered to Sir J. Stake Cellarer 10 qtrs by 1 tally.  In first-grade malt malted 2 qtrs.  In sale 3 qtrs 7 bs.  And allowed for sale 3 peck.

                                                Total as above.                          And equal.

Rye  And for 5 qtrs of rye received from all issue of the tithe grange threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the said Thomas.

                        Total 5 qtrs.  In sale as over 5 qtrs.  And equal.

Barley  And for 8 qtrs of barley received from issue of the tithe grange threshed in harvest by 1 tally against the said Thomas.  And for 150 qtrs received from issue of the tithe grange threshed ... Thomas.  And for 4 qtrs 7½ bs. from increase.  And for 50 qtrs of barley received from issue of the demesne grange threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the same Thomas.  And for 1 qtr 4½ bs. from increase.

                                                Total 214½ qtrs.

Of which in sowing on 35a. in Esteton’ Grofcroft and Puricroft 22 qtrs that is 5 bs. per acre but 1 bs. more overall.  In bread baked for expenses of the said men in harvest as above from wheat 4 qtrs.  In expenses of  famuli in looking after the lord’s grain in harvest 4 bs.  In bread baked for expenses of several visits from the feast of the Decollation of St John up to the feast of St James for 47 weeks 2 qtrs 7½ bs. ½ bs. per week.  In ...  to the house to J. Stake Cellarer 65 qtrs by 1 tally.[9]  In mixture with the livery of the famuli 40 qtrs .. of the manorial household threshed this year 1 bs.  In gifts éby the Priorù[10]to a certain groom helping Peter the swineherd to collect grass in summer for feeding the lord’s pigs 2 bs.  In sale 71 qtrs 6 bs. 1 peck.  And allowed for the sale 2 qtrs 1 bs. 3 peck.

                                                            Total as above.  And equal.

Dredge  éAnswers for 4 bs. less than 5-foldù[11]  And for 22 qtrs of dredge received from all issue of the demesne grange threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the said Thomas.  And for 25 qtrs of dredge received from all issue of the tithe grange threshed ad thascham [by 1 tally against the said] Thomas.

                                                Total 47 qtrs.

Of which in sowing on 7½a. in Eldecourt 5 qtrs that is 5½ bs. per acre but 1 bs. 1 peck less overall.  In ordinary malt malted 2 qtrs.  Delivered to the house to J. Stake  Cellarer 40 qtrs by tally.

                                                Total as above.  And equal.

Oats  éAnswer for 2 qtrs less than 5-foldù[12]  And for 30 qtrs of oats received from issue of the demesne grange threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the said Thomas.  And for 3 qtrs of oats by estimate in sheaves for fodder for oxen.  And for 17 qtrs of oats of issue of the tithe grange threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the said Thomas.

                                                Total 50 qtrs.

m.2d

Of which in sowing on 11a. in Eldecourt 8 qtrs that is 6 bs. per acre but 2 bs. less overall.  In fodder for oxen by estimate in sheaves 3 qtrs.  In meal made for broth for the famuli per annum 3½ qtrs.  In fodder of 3 carthorses at spring sowing 2½ qtrs.  Delivered to the house to J. Stake Cellarer 33 qtrs by tally.

                                                Total as above.  And equal.

Beans And for 28 qtrs of beans received from issue of the demesne and tithe granges threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the said Thomas.  And for 7 bs. from increase.

                                                Total 28 qtrs 7 bs.

Of which in sowing on 4½a. in Margericroft 3 qtrs 2 bs. that is 6 bs. per acre but 1 bs. less overall.  In fattening 30 pigs 1 qtr.  In sale 23 qtrs 7 bs. 1 peck.  And allowed for the sale 5 bs.  3 peck. 

                                                Total as above.   [And equal]

Peas  And for 45 qtrs of peas received from issue of both demesne and tithe granges threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the said Thomas.  And for 1 qtr 3 bs. 1 peck from increase.

                                                Total 46 qtrs 3 bs. 1 peck.

Of which in sowing on 9a. in Margericroft 3½ qtrs that is 3 bs. per acre and 1 bs. more overall.  In fattening the said pigs 6½ qtrs.  Delivered to the house to J. Stake Cellarer 2 qtrs 2 bs. by tally.  In sale 33 qtrs 1 bs.   And allowed for the sale 1 qtr 1 peck.

                                                Total as above.  And equal.

Vetches  And for 52 qtrs of vetches received from issue of demesne and tithe granges threshed ad thascham by 1 tally against the said Thomas.  And for 1 qtr 5 bs. from increase.

                                                Total 53 qtrs 5 bs.

Of which in sowing on 14a. in Margericroft Putecroft and Hammes 5 qtrs 1 bs. that is 3 bs. per acre but 1 bs. less overall.  In mixture with the livery of the famuli 3 qtrs.  Delivered to the house to J. Stake Cellarer 1 qtr 6 bs. by tally.  In feeding free-range pigs 1 qtr 2 bs.  In feeding doves 3 bs.  In sale 40 qtrs 7 bs.  And allowed for the sale 1 qtr 2 bs.

                                                Total as above.   And equal.

Livery of the famuli And for 40 qtrs 5½ bs. of barley and 3 qtrs of vetches received above for livery of the famuli. 

                                                Total 43 qtrs 5½ bs.

Of which in livery of 3 ploughmen and 3 Ploughdrivers per annum 29 qtrs 2 bs. of whom each takes 3 bs. for 4 weeks.   And of 1 shepherd for the same [time] 4 qtrs 2½ bs. taking 1 qtr at 12 weeks.  And of 1 cowherd 1 swineherd 1 dairy assistant for the same time 9 qtrs 6 bs. taking a qtr at 16 weeks.  And of 1 shepherd at lambing time 3 bs.

                                                Total as above.    And equal.

Malt  And for 8 qtrs of malt remaining of which 4 qtrs of wheat malt and 4 qtrs of barley malt. And for 1 qtr 1 bs. of wheat malt 2 qtrs of curall malt 5 qtrs of barley malt and 2 qtrs of dredge malt malted above.

                                                Total 18 qtrs 1 bs.

Of which in ale made in harvest 8 qtrs.  And [remain 10 qtrs 1 bs.] of malt.

Carthorses  And for 3 carthorses remaining.  And 3 carthorses remain.

Affers  And for 5 affers remaining.  And 5 affers remain.

Oxen  And for 21 oxen remaining.  And for 1 ox added from steers.

                                    Total 22.

Of which delivered to the house to the larder to J. Stake  Cellarer 3 by tally.  Died 1.  And 18 oxen remain.

Bulls And for 2 Bulls remaining.  And for 1 added.  Total 3.  And 3 Bulls remain.

Cows  And for 17 cows remaining.  And for 1 cow added. 

                        Total 18.

Of which delivered to the house to the larder to J. Stake  Cellarer before calving 2 by tally.  Died before calving 1.  And 15 cows remain.

Steers/heiffers  And for 3 remaining from last year as two-year olds.  Of whcih added above with oxen 1 with bulls 1 and with cows 1.                 And nothing [remains].

m.3d

Two-year olds  And for 8 two-year olds remaining from last year as yearlings.  And 8 two-year olds remain.

Yearlings  And for 8 yearlings remaining from last year as calves.  And 8 yearlings remain.

Calves  And for 11 calves of issue Not more because 3 cows sterile.  Of which delivered to the house 3 by tally against J. Stake Cellarer.  Died 1.  And 7 calves remain.

Wethers  And for 80 wethers remaining.  And for 24 wethers added from hoggs.

                                                Total 104.

Of which died before shearing 8.  And 96 wethers remain.

Ewes  And for 101 ewes remaining.  And for 42 ewes added from hoggs.                                      Total 143.

Of which died before shearing and lambing 11.  And after shearing 1.

And 131 ewes remain.

Hoggs  And for 70 hoggs remaining from last year as lambs.  Of which died before shearing and maturity 4.  And added with wethers 24 and with ewes 42.

And nothing remains here.

Lambs  And for 74 lambs of issue Not more because 16 ewes were sterile.  And for 9 lambs coming from tithe.

                                                Total 83.

Of which died before weaning 11.  And after weaning and before shearing 2.  In the shepherd’s custom 1.                                

Total 14.  And 69 lambs remain.

Pigs  And for 28 pigs remaining of which 6 sows.  And for 49 pigs remaining as piglets after the last account.

                                                Total 77.

Of which delivered to the house to J. Stake Cellarer to the larder 26 of which 1 boar by tally.  And to the same there to the kitchen 10 by the said tally.  Killed for harvest 3.  Died this year 8 éit is witnessed by the bailiffù[13]

                                    Total 47.  And 30 pigs remain of which 6 sows.

Piglets  And for 90 piglets of issue.  Of which delivered to the house to J. Stake  Cellarer by tally 30.  In gift to St Anthony 1.  And to the serjeant 1.  And to the Swineherd 1.  And to the granger 1.  And in the Prior’s expenses 1.

                                                Total 35.                   And 55 piglets remain.

Geese  And for 33 geese remaining.  And for 26 geese of issue.  Total 59.  Of which delivered to the house to J. Stake Cellarer 20 by tally.  In the custom of the famuli 1.  In harvest expenses 2.  In the lord Prior’s expenses and of others 3.

                                                Total 26.   And 33 geese remain.

Capons And for 24 capons remaining.  And for 24 made from chicks.  Total 48.  Of which delivered to the house to J. Stake Cellarer 18 by tally.  In expenses of the lord Prior the bailiff and other visits 6.  And 24 capons remain.

Hens  And for 1 cock and 4 hens remaining.  And 1 cock and 4 hens remain.

Chicks  And for 24 chicks of issue.  And in capons made 24.  And nothing remains.

Eggs  And for 200 eggs of issue of the hens.  And delivered to the house to J. Stake Cellarer 200 by tally.  And nothing remains.

Hides  And for the hide of 1 ox 1 cow 1 calf which died.  Total 3.  In sale 3.  And nothing remains.

Wool 

éA fleece answers for 3d.  price of a sack £4 16s. 8d.ù[14]

And for fleeces of 72 wethers 90 ewes and 66 hoggs coming from shearing.  Total 228.  Of which in the shepherd’s agreement 1.  Delivered to the house to the bailiff 227 weighing 31 claves.   And nothing remains.

Tithe wool  And for 5½ claves of tithe wool from Eastney this year.  All in sale.  And nothing remains.

Lambswool  And for fleeces of 69 lambs coming from shearing.  All in sale weighing 5 claves.  And nothing remains.

Cheeses remaining  And for 20 cheeses remaining weighing 20 claves.  All in harvest expenses.  And nothing remains.

Harvest cheeses  And for 60 harvest cheeses between the Gule of August and Michaelmas.  Of which in harvest expenses 20 cheeses weighing 10 claves.  Delivered to the house to J. Stake Cellarer 21 cheeses weighing 10 claves 2 lbs.  In sale 19 cheeses weighing 10 claves.  And nothing remains.

For winter cheeses nothing because received over for milk sold.

Summer cheeses  And for 111 summer cheeses from the dairy from 13 April up to the Gule of August for so many days 1 cheese  per day.  Of which delivered to the lord Prior’s chamber 6 cheeses weighing 5 claves 3 lbs.  And there to the Cellarer 12 cheeses weighing 10 claves.  In sale 73 cheeses weighing 2 wey 4 claves.             Total 91.

And 20 cheeses remain weighing 20 claves.

Butter   éa cow answers for 3s.6d. And a ewe for 2d.ù[15]  And for 12 claves of butter of issue. Of which in greasing harness and collars of oxen 2 claves.  In harvest expenses 5 claves.  And [in] expenses of the house 1 clave.  In gift to the good men of the parish 2 claves.  In mixture with tar for sheep 2 claves.              And nothing remains.

Fells  And for fells of 8 wethers 11 ewes 4 hoggs 12 lambs before shearing and 1 ewe after shearing which died.

                        Total 37.  All in sale.  And nothing remains.

Cider  And for 1 dole 1 pipe of cider remaining.  In harvest expenses 1 dole.  In sale 1 pipe.  And nothing remains.

Doves  And for 493 doves of issue of which delivered to the house 433.  In Harvest expenses 20.  In gift to men 40.   And nothing remains.

Pig carcasses  And for 3 pig carcasses remaining.  And for 3 killed above Of which in expenses ...[16] 3.  And 3 pig carcasses remain.

 

 

 



[1]  For this tenement, Southwick Carts, II, pp. 275 (III, 711, in 1324) and 304 (III, 763, in 1348).  Robert’s widow was Helen (Elena).  This tenement too was wasted by the enemy.

 

[2]  Superscript.

 

[3]  Interlineated.

 

[4]  Although the MS is torn, one word might be tarpic’.

 

[5]  Superscript.

 

[6] 4d. cancelled.

[7]  The MS has descibus.

 

[8]  Superscript.

 

[9]  Although the MS is torn, this delivery might have been of ordinary malt.

 

[10] Bailiff cancelled.

[11]  Added.

 

[12]  Added.

 

[13]  Superscript.

[14]  Added.

[15]  Added.

 

[16]  One word illegible.